Thomas Perlmann (R), the secretary of the Nobel Committee, announces the winners of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine during a press conference at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on October 5. | Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP via Getty Images
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice “made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine went to three scientists on Monday for their discoveries that led to the identification of the hepatitis C virus, which affects more people than HIV worldwide.
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice “made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis,” the Nobel Assembly said in a press release.
Alter is an emeritus researcher at the the National Institutes of Health and Rice is a virologist at Rockefeller University. Houghton is a British virologist at the University of Alberta in Canada. The 10 million Swedish kronor (or $1,118,000) prize was announced at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden.
Hepatitis refers to inflammation of the liver. There are two main forms: acute and…